Nanotechnology for Textiles
Nanotechnology is the branch of technology that deals with structures measuring less than 100 nanometres in at least one dimension. One nanometre is equal to one thousand millionth of an metre or, in everyday terms, about one hundred thousandth of the thickness of a sheet of newspaper. Nanotechnology involves the manipulation of individual atoms and molecules, meaning before advanced microscopy technologies capable of imaging surfaces at the atomic level were available, textile nanotechnology did not exist. Now, productpilot.com can be used to access suppliers and traders.
Nevertheless, textile nanotechnology had advanced in leaps and bounds in recent years and a vast amount of research and development is being conducted, globally, into next generation textiles. Nanoscale particles, or nanoparticles, have a relatively large surface area, which means that the force by which their atoms are bonded to a fabric is strong compared with conventional methods, so that the properties they impart are not worn or washed away.
Textile nanotechnology has increased the durability, comfort and hygiene of fabrics and reduced their production cost. Adding specific nanoparticles to fabric can impart specific properties without affecting the inherent feel of the fabric. Silica nanoparticles, for example, encourage liquids to form beads and roll off the surface of a fabric, rather than soaking in, while silver nanoparticles release positively charged ions that inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi. Other nanoparticles, such as titanium oxide, conduct electricity and can disperse the static charge gathered by synthetic materials, such as nylon and polyester.
Textile nanotechnology is by no means limited to standard fabrics to which a coating of nanoparticles is applied. Increasingly, fabrics that incorporate microscopic fibres, known as nanofibres or nanofilaments, into their composition or weave are being released onto the market. Productpilot.com is ensures industry professionals can network, allowing buyers to locate suppliers they need.
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