27.08.2016 - 30.08.2016 — Hall: 9.0 Stand: G 61
Traditional Georgian Souvenirs include various types of hand-crafted items, basing on ancient craft techniques and methodologies.
Souvenirs, to be displayed at Tendence 2016, include: Blue Table Cloth, Batiks, Enamel and Silver, Ceramics and glass products, all created basing on the Georgian Blue Table Cloth motivs.
In 2010 a scientific-research laboratory of Georgian Blue Table Cloth was established at the the Faculty of Design, Tbilisi State Academy of Art. The laboratory restored Georgian tradition of patterned cloth printing lost in XX century. Samples of the oldest patterned cloths are dating back to XVI century and are preserved in the Fund of National Museum of Georgia.
In the Research Laboratory the blue tablecloths, napkins and head-dresses are printed by traditional cold cube dyeing method, as well as modern photophilous printing. Blue tablecloths are made of cotton and silk fabric. The traditional ornamental motifs, common compositional schemes are placed in various sizes and shapes by stencils created according to samples of the old patterns. There are tablecloths of standard square, prolonged rectangle shapes, as well as the so-called “Table” tablecloths (from 220x140 cm to 110x80 cm.) and small-sized napkins (50X50cm).
As it is well known, blue tablecloths were laid in special cases (weddings, hunting, ritual feasts, religious holidays, etc.) and it was used by all classes of society. Since ancient times tablecloths depicted ornaments (plant, animal motifs, table attributes – knives, forks, eastern ornaments, garlands, etc.), symbols that were loaded by deep ritual sense common in the ethnographic culture. Therefore it seems possible that these cloths except aesthetic purpose had also a ritual purpose and occupied a special place in Georgian way of life during centuries.
The Research Laboratory set up on the basis of the Faculty of Design in the Academy of Arts contributes to reconstruction and development of one of traditional fields (artistic textile) of Georgian ethnographic culture, students’ involvement in the working process, which makes possible preservation of cultural heritage.