A composite textile is engineered to be composed of several different materials, each of which retains its unique characteristic after being introduced into the fabric. Typically, the preferred characteristics brought to the textile by the compositing process are being lighter weight, having a greater strength, and being less expensive to manufacture without sacrificing quality. Fibers that are frequently added to textiles to create a composite textile are aramids, fiberglass, nylon, and polyesters. Textiles can also be treated with acrylic, polyester resins, and soluble polymers.
The marine industry underwent a technological advance with the advent of fiberglass, a composite textile. Fiberglass is strong, inexpensive, and flexible enough to be molded into complex shapes, for example, the hull of a boat. Aeronautic engineers have begun to replace metal with a composite textile in aircraft designs in order to increase the construction’s strength, durability, and flexibility. The lighter weight of the composite textile translates into less fossil fuel being burnt by air and marine craft. Further industrial advances are 3D laminates, in which a textile is treated with a polymer or resin. Carbon fibre composites are an example of a 3D composite that not only is stronger than steel with a lower density, but is also fire proof and non-corrosive.
One of the younger applications of textile composites is the addition of sensing, communication, and computation qualities to fabric, which are known collectively as robotic materials. The use of smart textile in the garment industry is well underway in the areas of innovative fashion and performance enhancing apparel. Perhaps the most dynamic use of composite textiles is in the field of implantable medical textiles. The textile properties useful in the medical industry are bio-compatibility, bio-absorbability, and being antiseptic. Medical composite textiles range from a simple thread suture to composites designed to replace bone, act as fabric barriers in operating rooms, skin grafts, artificial heart values, tendons, ligaments, and joints.
It’s difficult to gauge the potential of composite textiles because the applications in the fields of industry, medicine, and fashion, are advancing so quickly. Productpilot.com is becoming an increasingly necessary tool for wholesalers and manufacturers of composites to keep up with the technology.
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